When the male shows off his strength to attract a mate, or to ward off predators, he starts off in a stiff-legged trot, leaping into the air with an arched back every few paces and lifting the flap along his back. Their range extends from northwestern South Africa through the Kalahari desert into Namibia and Botswana. Facts About Springbok National Animal of South Africa.  Eimeria species mainly affect juveniles.  The weights for both sexes range between 27 and 42 kilograms (60 and 93 lb). In the summer months, springbok sleep in the shade of shrubs and other vegetation, while in cooler weather they generally lie out in the sun. 3) Springbok can take a jump of 4 mtr in air. In A. m. marsupialis, females have thinner horns than males; the horns of females are only 60 to 70% as long as those of males. The Springbok is the national animal of South Africa. Illustration about Cute national animal springbok holding the flag of South Africa. Springboks are hunted, and traded alive for horns, skin, meat and as taxidermy models. In the other two subspecies, horns of both sexes are nearly similar. All trademarks and web sites that appear throughout this site are the property of their respective owners. your own Pins on Pinterest  Springbok differ from gazelles in several other ways; for instance, springbok have two premolars on both sides of either jaw, rather than the three observed in gazelles. The animal stands 75cm high and weigh about 40kg. South Africa’s national rugby team is still named the Springboks, however. Facebook; Prev Article Next Article . "Helminth and arthropod parasites of springbok, "Arthropod parasites of springbok, gemsbok, kudus, giraffes and Burchell's and Hartmann's zebras in the Etosha and Hardap Nature Reserves, Namibia", "Energy, water, and food use by springbok antelope (. The sole member of the genus Antidorcas, this bovid was first described by the German zoologist Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann in 1780. We are using cookies to make the website better. Both sexes have a pair of black, 35-to-50 cm (14-to-20 in) long horns that curve backwards. Dominant males are known to round up a family group of females and young ones, aggressively keeping bachelors out of the group. Most people think only about tiger but its not true, check out the list of Top 10 Fastest Animals in The World. , The latissimus dorsi muscle of the springbok comprises 1.1–1.3% ash, 1.3–3.5% fat, 72–75% moisture and 18–22% protein. Roaming the central plains of southern Africa is the slender springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis), the National Animal of South Africa. Interesting facts about spotted owls.  The pH of the meat increases if the springbok is under stress or cropping is done improperly; consequently, the quality deteriorates and the colour darkens. These nursery herds remain separate from the family group and bachelor herds, and once a male springbok is weaned, it leaves to join bachelor groups, while female offspring remain with their mothers, in time becoming part of a harem. The beloved animal has lent its name to the South African national … The ears, narrow and pointed, measure 15–19 cm (5.9–7.5 in). Whether the springbok should be the national animal of South Africa continues to be a contentious issue, as it is believed to be a symbol of Apartheid. Art.  It was first described by the German zoologist Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann in 1780. Springbok are very fast antelopes, clocked at 88 km/h (55 mph). , Springbok are primarily browsers and may switch to grazing occasionally; they feed on shrubs and young succulents (such as Lampranthus species) before they lignify. The country's national animal is the springbok, which also gives its name to the South African rugby team - fondly known as "the Boks". In juveniles, the stripes and the patch are light brown. The country’s national animal is the springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis), which gets its common name from its characteristic pronking or leaping display – from the Afrikaans word pronk. Jul 24, 2019 - Springbok, (Antidorcas marsupialis), graceful, strikingly marked antelope of the gazelle tribe, Antilopini (family Bovidae, order Artiodactyla). Both sexes have horns but those of the ram are thicker and rougher. The springbok is native to the open, treeless plains of southern Africa. This site is supported by ads. They generally tend to be ignored by carnivores unless they are breeding. Encontre imagens stock de Springbok National Animal South Africa Breaks em HD e milhões de outras fotos, ilustrações e imagens vetoriais livres de direitos na coleção da Shutterstock. Springbok have a bizarre flap on their back, which they raise when they stot or pronk, and… Two of these, A. bondi and A. australis, became extinct around 7,000 years ago (early Holocene). The springbok is the national animal of South Africa. They are a common feature in most of South Africa's national, provincial and private reserves. A single calf is born after a five- to six-month-long pregnancy; weaning occurs at nearly six months of age, and the calf leaves its mother a few months later. Are small antelopes. , Springbok are mainly active around dawn and dusk. The male then urinates and sniffs the female's perineum. It is also the symbol and nickname of the national rugby team of South Africa. Primarily a browser, the springbok feeds on shrubs and succulents; this antelope can live without drinking water for years, meeting its requirements through eating succulent vegetation. , Springbok occur in several protected areas across their range: Makgadikgadi and Nxai National Park (Botswana); Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park between Botswana and South Africa; Etosha National Park and Namib-Naukluft Park (Namibia); Mokala and Karoo National Parks and a number of provincial reserves in South Africa.  Springbok gather in the wet season and disperse during the dry season, unlike other African mammals. , During the rut, males establish territories, ranging from 10 to 70 hectares (25 to 173 acres), which they mark by urinating and depositing large piles of dung. The specific epithet marsupialis comes from the Latin marsupium ("pocket"); it refers to a pocket-like skin flap which extends along the midline of the back from the tail. , The springbok is a slender antelope with long legs and neck. Roaming the central plains of southern Africa is the slender springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis), the National Animal of South Africa. Within the last 100 years springbok numbers have greatly declined, but older Southern Africans still remember a time when springbok herds were so large they took several days to pass their farms. Discover (and save!) Made byShubham Realme U1 (Brave Blue, 3GB RAM, 32GB) dual camera. The males can weigh up to 50 kg and the females up to 37 kg.  Most births take place in the spring (October to November), prior to the onset of the rainy season. When the mother gives birth again, the previous offspring, now 6 to 12 months old, deserts her to join herds of adult springbok. In extreme cases, they do not drink any water over the course of their lives. South Africans chose this animal prior to Apartheid and used its name as a nickname for the national rugby team. A. m. angolensis has a brown to tawny coat, with thick, dark brown stripes on the face extending two-thirds down to the snout. Photography Subjects.  Copulation consists of a single pelvic thrust. Health of females was more affected by parasites than by rainfall; parasite count in females peaked prior to and immediately after parturition. Funny Height Challenge Pictures.. your own Pins on Pinterest Within the last 100 years springbok numbers have greatly declined, but older Southern Africans still remember a time when springbok herds were so large they took several days to pass their farms. , Both sexes have black horns, about 35–50 cm (14–20 in) long, that are straight at the base and then curve backward.  In places such as Etosha National Park, springbok seek out water bodies where they are available. They are widespread across Namibia and the vast grasslands of the Free State and the shrublands of Karoo in South Africa; however, they are confined to the Namib Desert in Angola. Are found in Southern Africa in grassland and semi-arid regions. Springbok meat may also be used in preparing salami; a study found that the flavour of this salami is better than mutton salami, and feels oilier than salami of beef, horse meat, or mutton. Download royalty-free Beautiful Springbok , national animal of South Africa in a nature reserve stock photo 360654418 from Depositphotos collection of millions of premium high-resolution stock photos, vector images and illustrations. Some herds are still free roaming within some of its natural range, but most are now confined to farmlands and reserves. It is the Springbok are widely distributed throughout South Africa and is also the National Animal of South Africa. The scientific name for springbok is Antidorcas marsupialis.  In fact, this physical feature distinguishes the springbok from true gazelles. , Fossil springbok are known from the Pliocene; the antelope appears to have evolved about three million years ago from a gazelle-like ancestor. Ecology and physiology. Springbok inhabit the dry areas of south and southwestern Africa. This gives a total of 28 teeth in the springbok, rather than 32 of gazelles. However, A. m. marsupialis is the smallest subspecies; males are 75 cm (30 in) tall and females 72 cm (28 in) tall. 5/dez/2017 - South Africa – National animal - Springbok. It appears on South African Airways, the Air Force, the Ranger car, and the prior Coat of Arms. Group size and distance from roads and bushes were found to have major influence on vigilance, more among the grazing springbok than among their browsing counterparts. Lifting the flap causes the long white hairs under the tail to stand up in a conspicuous fan shape, which in turn emits a strong scent of sweat. , The springbok is the sole member of the genus Antidorcas and is placed in the family Bovidae.  Females are able to conceive at as early as six to seven months, whereas males do not attain sexual maturity until two years; rut lasts 5 to 21 days. Thus, a female can calve twice a year, and even thrice if one calf dies. Springbuck/springbok - Antidorcas marsupialis. Adults were found to be more vigilant than juveniles, and males more vigilant than females. In earlier times, springbok of the Kalahari desert and Karoo migrated in large numbers across the countryside, a practice known as trekbokking. Springbok passing through bushes tend to be more vulnerable to predator attacks as they can not be easily alerted, and predators usually conceal themselves in bushes. Springbok in their hundreds of thousands roamed the arid regions of southern Africa at the time the first settlers arrived, but the herds were quickly decimated and today they are only found in protected areas and farms. It is believed that for the joy of living, the animals jump up and down like bouncing balls, stretching their front and rear legs simultaneously and bending their heads down (called 'pronking'). In fear of attack, each springbok lets out a high pitched alarm. In fear of attack, each springbok lets out a high pitched alarm. The cholesterol content varies from 54.5 to 59.0 milligrams (0.841 to 0.911 gr) per 100 grams (3.5 oz) of meat. This graceful medium-sized antelope, with distinctive brown and white markings, large upright ears and curved horns, gets its name from the Dutch words spring (jump) and bok (goat) and nature lovers who see the springbok in action will soon understand why. Explore. "Quarter of antelopes under threat: report", "Production of salami from beef, horse, mutton, Blesbok (, "Microbiological quality and potential public health risks of export meat from springbok (, "Meat quality characteristics of springbok (, "Some effects of shooting on losses of meat and meat quality in springbok and impala", "New release silver and limited mintage gold coins from APMEX", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Springbok&oldid=998650441, Taxa named by Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW with an wstitle parameter, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia with a Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 11:14. Harem and nursery herds are much smaller, typically including no more than 10 individuals. Meerkats are fascinating little animals that are highly entertaining to watch. Southern African wildcats, black-backed jackals, black eagles, martial eagles, and tawny eagles target juveniles. The scientific name for springbok is Antidorcas marsupialis. Related Posts. Average weight of males is 31 kg (68 lb), while for females it is 27 kg (60 lb). Explore. The springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis) gets its common name from its characteristic jumping display-pronk in Afrikaans. Springbuck/springbok - Antidorcas marsupialis. Painting Subjects. , An antelope of southern and southwestern Africa, This article is about the antelope. Funny Height Challenge Pictures.. National Animal Kangaroo South Africa Around The Worlds Awesome Animals … Springbok can meet their water needs from the food they eat, and are able to survive without drinking water through dry season. The spoor, narrow and sharp, is 5.5 cm (2.2 in) long. 1) The springbok is a medium-sized brown and white animal. National Symbols represent the civilization and culture of a country in a symbolic form. There used to be millions of them but hunting by humans, and interruptions to their migration routes (Fences, roads, etc) have severely reduced their numbers to around 250,000. Aug 5, 2014 - This Pin was discovered by Jimisound.com. Springbok are herd animals that move in small groups during the winter months and aggregate into larger herds during the summer months. This was called a "trek" or "trekbokken". The scientific name of the springbok is Antidorcas marsupialis; anti is Greek for "opposite", and dorcas for "gazelle" – identifying that the animal is not a gazelle. The third species, A. recki, probably gave rise to the extant form A. marsupialis during the Pleistocene, about 100,000 years ago. Springbok may accomplish this by selecting flowers, seeds, and leaves of shrubs before dawn, when the food items are most succulent. A dark patch marks the forehead. Springbok (national animal) Antidorcas marsupialis: Blue crane (national bird) Anthropoides paradiseus: Galjoen (national fish) Dichistius capensis Photography. Mother and calf rejoin the herd about three to four weeks after parturition; the young are weaned at five or six months. Two other varieties – pure black and pure white forms – are artificially selected in some South African ranches. Females often leave the herd to give birth alone, or with other females giving birth. 5) They weight between 30-44 kg. The nose may have a pale smudge. They are able to derive all the moisture they need from their diet, and can go for extended periods without a water source. By clicking Agree you are accepting Terms of Service. A. m. hofmeyri is a light fawn, with thin, dark brown face stripes. The majority population is found in SA. A. m. angolensis males stand 84 cm (33 in) tall at the shoulder, while females are 81 cm (32 in) tall. Can leap 13 feet into the air (known as stotting or pronking). Horns have a girth of 71–83 mm (2.8–3.3 in) at the base; this thins to 56–65 mm (2.2–2.6 in) towards the tip. A brown spot is seen on the nose. In Botswana, they mostly occur in the Kalahari desert in the southwestern and central parts of the country.  The springbok is featured on the reverse of the South African Krugerrand coin.  They prefer grasses such as Themeda triandra. The Springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis) gets its common name from its characteristic jumping display, "pronk"in Afrikaans. National animal springbok holding the flag of South Africa – kaufen Sie diese Vektorgrafik und finden Sie ähnliche Vektorgrafiken auf Adobe Stock Aug 8, 2017 - What are the fastest animals in the world?  Fossils have been reported from Pliocene, Pleistocene, and Holocene sites in northern, southern, and eastern Africa.  In the mating season, males generally form herds and wander in search of mates. All rights reserved. The males, weighing 42 kg (93 lb), are heavier than females, that weigh 35 kg (77 lb). Hi Friends, Springbok is the National Animal of South Africa and also the name of the Rugby team of South Africa also known as The Boks or Die Bokke in Afrikaans. © Copyright 1995-2021 Southafrica.com. A. m. hofmeyri is the largest subspecies; males are nearly 86 cm (34 in) tall, and the notably shorter females are 71 cm (28 in) tall. Population Population threats. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. This graceful medium-sized antelope, with distinctive brown and white markings, large upright ears and curved horns, gets its name from the Dutch words spring (jump) and bok (goat) and nature lovers who see the springbok in action will soon understand why. The national animal of South Africa is springbok. The springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis) is a medium-sized antelope found mainly in southern and southwestern Africa. The closest most people will get to a meerkat is at a zoo, where to the extent possible in their captive state, ... Cecil Skotnes is not only heralded as one of the main pioneers of modern art in South Africa, but is seen as a sort of anti-apartheid hero that gave a few fortunate black artists the chance ... SouthAfrica.com. They move in small herds during winter, but often crowd together in bigger herds in summer. Saved by Travel Butlers.  Trekbokking is still observed occasionally in Botswana, though on a much smaller scale than earlier. Springbok are widely distributed throughout South Africa and is also the National Animal of South Africa. The springbok has been the instantly recognisable symbol of South Africa since 1906 and was preserved in the post-apartheid era. The nose is white or marked with brown. They feed on grass, young succulent grasses, flowers, and shrubs. However, for the last 100 years, Springbok's population has disappeared from several parts of South Africa. There are no Springbok in the Kruger National Park, but Springbok can be found in a number of national parks especially in the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park where they have occurred naturally for hundreds of … Blue crane in grassland, Balgowan, KwaZulu Natal. | national africa, namibia, nature, dry, national park, water hole, animals, springbok, gnu, giraffes, lion Public Domain The tail (except the terminal black tuft), buttocks, the insides of the legs and the rump are all white. Image of head, ecology, antelope - 160783685 Book now. Blue Crane - Anthropoides paradisia . Home » Posts » Springbok: South Africa’s National Animal. Live for about 7-9 years. Portrait of an Isolated springbok national animal of South Africa - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe Stock 2) It runs extremely fast at maximum speed of 97km/hr. Saved by Travel Butlers. Outside of the rut, mixed-sex herds can range from as few as three to as many as 180 individuals, while all-male bachelor herds are of typically no more than 50 individuals. Springbok. Height 75 cm weight 40 kg.  Studies show that springbok host helminths (Haemonchus, Longistrongylus and Trichostrongylus), ixodid ticks (Rhipicephalus species), lice (Damalinia and Linognathus species). Interesting facts about gentoo penguins. 4) Springbok is 150-195 cm in length. Mixed sex herds are fairly common, generally with three females to every male. The springbok has been the instantly recognisable symbol of South Africa since 1906 and was preserved in the post-apartheid era. They were quickly decimated, however, and now can predominantly be found in protected areas of reserves and farmland. While the lateral stripe is nearly black, the stripe on the rump is dark brown. No part of this site shall be reproduced, copied, or otherwise distributed without the express, written consent of SouthAfrica.com. National Animal – Springbok; No reviews yet! Saved from cdn4.travelbutlers.com. Even after the decline of apartheid, Nelson Mandela intervened to keep the name of the animal for the reconciliation of rugby fans, the majority of whom were whites. Their scientific name is Antidorcas marsupialis, and this medium sized antelope is common throughout Southern Africa, but is not found in the Kruger National Park.  Springbok live for up to 10 years in the wild. Throughout human history in its terrain, the springbok has been hunted for its flesh and attractive coat. Herds could efficiently retrace their paths to their territories after long migrations. Buy unlimited $12/3M. The springbok is native to the open, treeless plains of southern Africa. The stripe near the rump is well-marked, and that on the flanks is deep brown.  Stearic acid is the main fatty acid, accounting for 24–27% of the fatty acids. Art. Image of herbivore, grassland, jump - 178093201 Although in the past springbok were found in large herds, the fencing off of farms has disrupted their migratory patterns and hunters have decimated their numbers. They are popular game animals, and are valued for their meat and skin. Moving with amazing agility and reaching speeds of up to 100 km/h, the springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis marsupialis) can leap up to 4 meters through the air as it flees predators. Active mainly at dawn and dusk, springbok form harems (mixed-sex herds). The tail, 14 to 28 cm (5.5 to 11.0 in) long, ends in a short, black tuft. 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